Scriptiebank overzicht

De Vlaamse Scriptiebank is een vrij toegankelijke online databank. Deze bevat alle artikels en full text scripties van deelnemende bachelors en masters aan de

Deciphering the role of IS6100 in microbial community adaptation to anthropogenic environmental stressors

KU Leuven
2024
Kristina
Yefimak
Anthropogenic activities across various land uses (e.g. roadsides, industrial areas,
agricultural zones) have introduced xenobiotics, substances not natural to the
ecosystem, in the environment, affecting soil physiochemical characteristics and soil
bacterial communities. To adapt to this changing environment, bacteria have evolved
to withstand these harsh conditions. Insertion sequences (IS) can form composite
transposons that recruit and carry along passenger genes, including those involved in
the degradation of organic pollutants. However, studies examining IS elements
abundance and its cargo in bacterial communities within their natural context is limited.
The purpose of this thesis is to improve our knowledge of the role of the IS element
IS6100 in genetic adaptation within soil bacterial communities. This research focused
on two parts, the first part on Pakistani soil samples that determined how bacterial
community structure and abundance of IS6100 associates with land uses, spatial, and
environmental factors. Land use and location exerted significant influence on alpha
and beta diversity in soil ecosystems, notably with agricultural soil demonstrating
higher diversity due to increased disturbance. While environmental factors such as Cu,
total nitrogen, As, Cd, and total carbon contribute to soil bacterial community variability,
their impact is relatively small compared to land use in shaping soil bacterial
composition. Nevertheless, 86% unexplained variability suggests the presence of
additional important factors that were not measured in our study. IS6100 is
widespread, with no differences in abundance across various geographic Pakistani
samples with differing land use. While effects of environmental factors including
community diversity was low, some toxic contaminants like DiPCB and TriPCB
exhibited a negative correlation with IS6100 abundance. The second part examined
contaminated soils in Belgium, assessing IS6100 abundance by qPCR. Moreover, a
new long-range PCR (LR-PCR) method was applied to amplify the cargo of IS6100
associated CTs for functional analysis by nanopore sequencing. IS6100 was present
across all samples, with significant variations in relative abundance between soils.
Particularly, soil samples continuously exposed to pesticides exhibited elevated
IS6100 abundances compared to those with less clear contaminants. Regarding cargo
genes identification, clear bands in the AGE for every sample suggested that the LR
PCR IS6100 cargo genes were successfully and reproducibly amplified. The amplicons
were successfully sequenced by nanopore sequencing for future functional analysis.
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Predicted Motion Pressure - Using Machine Learning Algorithms to Metricize Pressure Created by Defensive Linemen in the NFL, as well as to Predict Their Motion to Evaluate the Players Performance and to Increase the Players Safety

Universiteit Hasselt
2023
Christopher
Patzanovsky
Data analytics has been a major part in American football to allow for evaluation of both player and team performances, with a significant amount of data being readily available. Here, a more in-depth analysis in the area of pass rushing and pass blocking will be done by using K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) machine learning models to find a more precise metric of determining pressure created by the pass rush. Additionally, KNN would be used to predict the motion of a pass rusher, which would then be used to predict pressure created in that new location, allowing for the creation of an entirely new metric, by comparing the true pressure with the predicted one. An extensive analysis with these new metrics would then be conducted, giving American football players and coaches new insights into player and team performances, which can be used to improve the quality of the game, by the means of performance, while at the same time creating new ways of focusing on the safety of the Quarterback. Finally, a dashboard was build on an HTML-based webpage, visualizing the new metrics for a better understanding of its concepts.
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Using Digital Trace Data to Generate Representative Estimates of Disease Prevalence [COVID-19 Infections] in Belgian Municipalities

KU Leuven
2023
Dishani
Sen
Is it possible to predict the area-level prevalence of COVID-19 infections in Belgium by
analyzing self-reported symptoms on Twitter? This research project is about generating
estimates of the incidence of COVID-19 infections, at the municipality level, by using
Multilevel Regression Post-Stratification (MrP) to account for sampling biases in the social
media sample. At first, tweets are obtained from users based on keywords derived from
previous research, e.g., tweets mentioning fever, cough, loss of taste, fatigue, etc. Then, key
demographic and geographical features of interest are extracted using the M3 deep learning
pipeline, as well as simple self-reported characteristics, effectively transforming the
unstructured twitter sample into a survey-like object. Finally, based on these demographic
features and census characteristics, a mixed effects logistic regression model with
post-stratification according to the Belgian census is proposed to forecast the number of
infected individuals on a particular day. This study intends to contribute to the proof of
concept of a complete end to end pipeline to perform real time predictions of disease
prevalence at a granular level in a population using social media data.
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Turkish Foreign Policy in Nagorno-Karabakh: The influence of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine.

KU Leuven
2023
Haci Ahmet
Unlu
Dit onderzoek poogt de impact van de Russische inval van Oektaïne op de status quo van de Kaukasus regio vast te leggen. Wegens de waardevolle lessen die men hieruit kan halen voor Europa en de rest van de wereld. Tenslotte schetst het tevens een beter beeld van Turkijes buitenlands beleid.
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Assessing the impact of interzonal migration on travel demand in Flanders using an Activity-based model.

Universiteit Hasselt
2022
Eridona
Selita
  • Muhammad
    Adnan
Following the considerable attention of activity-based models in transportation planning and forecasting, and the necessity to understand and reveal the impacts of transportation policies, this paper aims to simulate and examine a population policy scenario. It explicitly uses FEATHERS, a demand-side activity-based model, operational for Flanders, Belgium. The ABM is required to estimate how the interzonal migration of Flanders’ population from small towns/villages to large, urbanized city areas will closely affect the daily activity-travel choices of the individuals. A current baseline scenario is executed alongside three migration scenarios that account for a spatial redistribution of the population (2%, 5%, 10%) with equal proportions. Results suggest an impact on mode choice during peak hours, with a significant shift from car as a driver to public transport. Besides mode choice, there is a considerable decrease in the total number of trips. As a result, the total vehicle kilometres travelled, and total vehicle hours travelled reduce remarkably. While on the contrary there is hardly any effect on the activity choice.
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Using Machine Translation for Translation and Audiovisual Translation, a Casestudy

Vrije Universiteit Brussel
2022
Diede
De Vuyst
Deze thesis doet onderzoek naar het gebruik van machinevertaling voor vertalingen van
teksten en audiovisuele vertalingen. Het onderzoekt of machinevertaling autonoom kan worden
gebruikt, wat de sterktes en zwaktes zijn en hoe andere tools of gebruiken nuttig kunnen zijn in het
vertaalproces.
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FOLLOWING THE FAMOUS. CELEBRITY CRYPTO ENDORSERS AND THEIR ROLE IN THE ADOPTION OF CRYPTO

Universiteit Antwerpen
2022
Dietsen
Aernouts
Deze studie onderzoekt kenmerken van endorsers en hun impact op de effectiviteit van crypto advertenties. Er wordt gebruik gemaakt van het Source Credibility Model om de relatie te onderzoeken tussen crypto-advertenties met verschillende endorsers en de intenties van individuen om cryptocurrencies te adopteren. Het antwoord op de onderzoeksvraag "Wat is de invloed van crypto-aanbeveling van beroemdheden op de houding van gebruikers van sociale media met betrekking tot de adoptie van crypto?"
is dat het type endorser in de advertentie geen significante invloed heeft op de houding of koopintentie ten opzichte van crypto.
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Mindfulness and Burnout

Universiteit Hasselt
2021
Tamar
Orjonikidze
This thesis focused on the employees with burnout history in Belgium to investigate their experiences of returning to work after burnout and to examine how mindfulness practices can support them during the reintegration period.
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The follow-up of alterations in gait pattern and muscle strength in ambulant growing children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

KU Leuven
2020
Susan
Song
  • Amber
    Scheers
Wat zijn de veranderingen in het gangpatroon en spierkracht van de onderste ledematen bij ouder worden kinderen met de ziekte van Duchenne? En hoe is het pathologische gangpatroon gelinkt aan de onderliggende spiermechanismes? Deze vragen bestudeerden we in onze masterproef met een longitudinaal design.
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Is de huidige rechtsbescherming voor klokkenluiders in de publieke sector adequaat in België en Nederland?

Universiteit Antwerpen
2020
Farah
Peeters
Deze masterproef is geschreven met als oogpunt na te gaan of de rechtsbescherming van klokkenluiders in de publieke sector al dan niet adequaat genoeg is. Hiervoor wordt gebruik gemaakt van de zogenaamde Algemene Beginselen van Behoorlijk Bestuur om de kwaliteit van de rechtsbescherming in België en Nederland te onderzoeken en te toetsen aan de bestaande klokkenluidersreguleringen. Doorheen de masterproef wordt het duidelijk dat zowel België als Nederland op de goede weg zijn, maar belangrijke nuances nog steeds ontbreken of onvoldoende zijn uitgewerkt. Een afdoende rechtsbescherming voor klokkenluiders is echter noodzakelijk om de rechten van de mens, en in het bijzonder het recht op vrije meningsuiting, te bevorderen en garanderen anno 2020.
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PHASE I CLINICAL TRIAL ON INTRA-TUMORAL IPILIMUMAB PLUS INTRAVENOUS NIVOLUMAB FOLLOWING THE RESECTION OF RECURRENT GLIOBLASTOMA

Vrije Universiteit Brussel
2019
Stéphanie
Peeters
Fase I klinische studie over de behandeling van opereerbare patiënten met recurrent glioblastoom (hersentumor), waarbij chirurgie aangevuld wordt met immuuntherapie. Voor het eerst ter wereld wordt de immuuntherapie (ipilimumab) rechtstreeks in de hersentumor gespoten, in combinatie met intraveneuze toediening van een ander soort immunotherapie (nivolumab).
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A Reference Architecture for IoT-Enhanced Business Processes

KU Leuven
2019
Tevye
Jacobs
This thesis proposes a reference architecture to enhance business process architectures with IoT technology, enabling business processes to not only sense the environment but also steer IoT objects.
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Goodvertising: geloofwaardig of doorzichtig? Door de ogen van millennials

Vrije Universiteit Brussel
2018
Famke
Van Mol
Goodvertising is een nieuw reclamefenomeen waarbij commerciële bedrijven inzetten op sociale vraagstukken. In deze scriptie wordt de geloofwaardigheid van goodvertising onderzocht bij millennials
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Professionalisering van Vlaamse Schoolleiders

KU Leuven
2018
Emma
Adriaensen
De Vlaamse onderwijskoepels organiseren opleidings- en ontwikkelingsactiviteiten voor schooldirecteurs. Toch blijken secundaire schooldirecties opleidingsnoden te ervaren, merkwaardig genoeg in die domeinen waar ook de koepels sterk de nadruk op leggen in hun aanbod.
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English Loanwords in the Chinese Lexicon

Universiteit Gent
2017
Ruth
Vervaet
Het voorkomen van Engelse leenwoorden in Modern Chinees. Het eerste deel gaat in op het historisch voorkomen van leenwoorden in China en de sociaal-culturele redenen. het tweede deel van de scriptie handelt over de verschillende manieren die worden aangewend om Engelse woorden te vertalen in het Chinees.
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De oprichting van een GVV versus private equity

Odisee
2017
Gilles
Dupont
Analyse en bespreking van de Belgische openbare gereglementeerde vastgoedvennootschap, alsook een korte vergelijking van verschillen met de niet-beursgenoteerde operationele vastgoedvennootschap. Hierbij wordt de lezer vertrouwd gemaakt met het bestaan van voormelde vastgoedbedrijven op een breed niveau, gaande van het wetgevend kader tot de financiële aspecten. Eveneens wordt de aantrekkelijkheid van voormelde vastgoedbedrijven in kaart gebracht voor particuliere beleggers.
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Clinical management of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia – an updated proposal of protocol

KU Leuven
2017
Pieter
Sinonquel
  • Willy
    Peetermans
Nieuw protocolvoorstel ter management van een Stafylococcus aureus bacteriëmie
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Het boek als krachtig medium in zakformaat. De drukkersstrategieën van Joannes Grapheus, Antwerpen 1527-1569

Universiteit Antwerpen
2017
Maite
De Beukeleer
De vormgeving van boek zoals we het vandaag kennen, werd grotendeels ontwikkeld in de vroege zestiende eeuw, toen drukkers nieuwe manieren zochten om hun boeken aantrekkelijk te maken. Deze scriptie onderzoekt hoe de vormgeving in deze periode veranderde aan de hand van de casus van één drukkers: de Antwerpenaar Joannes Grapheus.
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Vloeibare korte alkanen uit hout

KU Leuven
2017
Elise
Peeters
Het proces voor de directe valorisatie van biomassa, meer bepaald hout, tot lichte nafta-alkanen wordt bestudeerd. Deze lichte nafta-alkanen kunnen verder verwerkt worden tot bio-benzine en tal van chemicaliën en materialen. Met het oog op het behalen van 10% biobrandstof in 2020, wordt in deze scriptie onderzocht of de directe implementatie van dit proces op industrieel niveau mogelijk is.
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Tales of the American Night / Unravelling Jim Morrison's Poetic Wilderness

KU Leuven
2017
Koben
Sprengers
Deze scriptie is een onderzoek naar het filosofisch raamwerk waarbinnen de poëzie van Jim Morrison, meest bekend als de zanger van de rockgroep The Doors, vorm hebben gekregen. Deze scriptie is bovendien een kleine aanzet tot een grotere interesse en waardering van deze, vooralsnog onbekende, poëzie.
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Aesthetic Solar Integration

Thomas More Hogeschool
2017
Maurits
Dierick
In deze thesis beschrijf de probleemstelling omtrent esthetische energieproductie op grote schaal en bied ik enkele mogelijke oplossingen. Ook wordt er één specifieke technologie uitgekozen en verder uitgelegd.
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Precariteit in de Muziekindustrie

KU Leuven
2017
Wim
Boddin
Wat is precariteit en wat voor effect heeft het op de muziekindustrie? Aan de hand van een kwalitatieve analyse van zeven ondervraagde muzikanten wordt er gezocht naar problemen en mogelijke oplossingen met betrekking tot precariteit. De conclusie is dat het nog niet te laat is om de belangen van de muzikant te verdedigen en de precariteit weg te werken.
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Live Versus Mediatised: The Added Value of ‘Liveness’ on a Music Performance

Andere
2016
Ieva
Dudaite
That concert is performed live is essential to its definition, particularly in contrast with non-live performances on recordings or radio broadcasts. Yet, despite the centrality of the issue, there is little research asking whether there is indeed a distinctive nature to performing live. This master thesis employs techniques of ethnographic research, analysis and qualitative interviewing to explore empirically originating understandings of how ‘liveness’ influences music performance from artist’s perspective. The topic is highly relevant and challenging as it explores the importance of performing live as opposed to mediatised performance (radio, TV broadcasts, CD recordings). ‘Liveness’ is a concept that applies to the theatre and music but not to the other forms of arts, such as visual arts, literature since the core of ‘liveness’ lies within the simultaneous presence of the artist and the audience. In terms of scope of literature in this area, this specific topic is still rather under-researched with growing interest in its relevance. Whereas there are many researchers and articles exploring ‘liveness’ in theatre or from audience perception, this thesis fills the niche of the impact of performing live upon the artist in the field of music.
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Multitasking on the go: an observation study on the Brussels public transport

Vrije Universiteit Brussel
2016
Tan Dat
Ton
Nowadays, performing multitasking activities on the move has become more and more popular. Such propensity has increasingly attracted lots of attentions from scholars. In this streamline, the thesis is to explore how multitasking activities are performed in different modes of public transport (PT) in Brussels city, and whether they are affected by the demographics, distance and level of crowdedness factors. In addition, it looks into the way and how PT passengers interact with their information and communication technology (ICT) devices. Structured observation is used to conduct the survey of 1216 PT passengers (on bus, tram and metro) in May 2016. The result shows, on the one hand, that the length of the journey and demographics have significant impact on passengers’ decision to multitask. On the other hand, it proves that the frequency of using ICTs not only being influenced by demographics, but its relationship with the transport types is also moderated by crowdedness level. On top of that, a comparison with a previous study which adopted a different methodology but in the same context is conducted both to confirm the reliability and validity of this paper and to give an insight about Brussels public transport and its users’ multitasking tendency.
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What does the bird say: a corpus study on how Twitter language use reflects personality

Universiteit Gent
2016
Sofie
Vandenhoven
In dit onderzoek gaan we na of talige elementen uit Nederlandstalige tweets gelinkt kunnen worden aan de Big Five of Personality.
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Hulpsystemen die sneller en economischer varen in de koopvaardij bevorderen

Hogere Zeevaartschool Antwerpen
2016
Elias
Deleener
Theoretisch en praktisch onderzoek naar toepassing van waterweerstandsvermindering op scheepsrompen. Dit door toepassing van haaienschubbenstructuur, ribbelstructuur en micro-luchtbubbels.
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Are Sigh conditioned responses

KU Leuven
2016
Ellen
Palmers
Iedereen zucht wel eens. Voor de meeste mensen is dit zo een normaal deel van de ademhaling dat er niet over nagedacht wordt. We weten al dat zuchten een resetter functie heeft voor de ademhaling. Maar toch gaan mensen soms op vreemde momenten zuchten. Kan men leren zuchten?
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Orate pro nostris et oravimus pro vestris. Promised prayers for an anniversary of death. The case of Elisabeth ‘sConincs’ mortuary roll (1458-1459)

KU Leuven
2016
Maria
Mejia Sian
Deze scriptie geeft een algemeen overzicht over middeleeuwse dodenrollen, waarna de dodenrol van Elisabeth 'sConincs (1458-1459), abdis van de Benedictijner abdij te Vorst (Brussel), nader wordt bekeken wat betreft de fysieke kenmerken en commemoratieve functies. Een data-set bestaande uit 54 tituli uit de middeleeuwse provincie Vlaanderen staat toe om de gebedsuitwisseling tussen verschillende religieuze huizen in de late middeleeuwen te bestuderen. Dodenrollen worden meestal bestudeerd door historici maar verdienen de aandacht van andere disciplines.
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Live Versus Mediatised: The Added Value of ‘Liveness’ on a Music Performance

Andere
2016
Ieva
Dudaite
That concert is performed live is essential to its definition, particularly in contrast with non-live
performances on recordings or radio broadcasts. Yet, despite the centrality of the issue, there is
little research asking whether there is indeed a distinctive nature to performing live. This master
thesis employs techniques of ethnographic research, analysis and qualitative interviewing to
explore empirically originating understandings of how ‘liveness’ influences music performance
from artist’s perspective. The topic is highly relevant and challenging as it explores the
importance of performing live as opposed to mediatised performance (radio, TV broadcasts, CD
recordings). ‘Liveness’ is a concept that applies to the theatre and music but not to the other
forms of arts, such as visual arts, literature since the core of ‘liveness’ lies within the
simultaneous presence of the artist and the audience. In terms of scope of literature in this area,
this specific topic is still rather under-researched with growing interest in its relevance. Whereas
there are many researchers and articles exploring ‘liveness’ in theatre or from audience
perception, this thesis fills the niche of the impact of performing live upon the artist in the field of
music.
Meer lezen

Cofán Pragmatism in Times of Uncertainty: Negotiating the Negligent Hegemonic State and Imaginary Oil

KU Leuven
2016
Julio Ignacio
Rodriguez Stimson
The Cofán people of Zábalo, a community in the Ecuadorian Amazon, have always engaged pragmatically on an everyday basis with their forest-based lifestyle and relations with the government, corporations and outsiders (fuesu a’i). However, in recent years the community has been dealing with growing uncertainty, internal economic inequality, high unemployment, and an Ecuadorian state that extends governmental control, while also neglecting the needs of people in this region. A myriad of factors discussed in this paper, including the increased integration of outside commodities into the Cofáns’ daily life, have led me to believe that unless the Cofán gain access to a steady source of financial income to purchase basic supplies and commodities (such as bullets, gasoline and salt), many people will have to look for work outside the community or allow oil companies to exploit their resources. The growing accumulation of wealth by just two families in the community, increasing dependence on money, lack of access to jobs, and internal political divisions have increased distrust and bad talk (ega afa’cho). Through a two-month stay with the community, where I interviewed 25 individuals (collecting 67 hours of semi-structured interviews) and produced 7 short films , I mainly sought to answer the following three questions: What political and economic changes have these people encountered in recent years? What is the community’s relationship with money, commodities and other sources of value? Can the Cofán maintain an ideal tranquil (opatssi) life and take care of the forest (tsampima coiraye), while simultaneously engaging with external influences, including restrictive laws, expansion of the capitalist frontier, commodities, the Socio Bosque environmental conservation government scheme, populist local politicians, and the potential of oil exploitation?

I conclude that Zábalo is currently a frontier of ‘negligent hegemonic control’ and is becoming more assimilated into the global economic market, creating a greater dependence on money and commodities, which is both changing people’s relationship to the concepts of opatssi and tsampima coiraye and also making them more likely find a pragmatic solution to their economic problems, such as allowing oil exploitation. Finally, this paper advocates for an engaged, activist anthropology in the context of a neoliberal world with increasing inequality, marginalized indigenous peoples, and increasing environmental degradation.
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